Wednesday, 25 November 2015

Selenium WebDriver : Basic User Actions

Let us have a look at some basic user actions such as :

  1. Open Browser
  2. Open URL
  3. Sending data to Text Field
  4. Mouse Click
  5. Select Drop-down Option

Open Browser :

This is the first step towards writing Test Case Automation Script (for Web Applications). There are different ways to Open different browsers programmatically. Here we will discuss about three browsers : Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome.

We need to download required Driver Servers before opening a Web Browser in Selenium WebDriver Script :

To download Driver Servers of other browsers, click here

Mozilla Firefox

If Selenium JARS version < 3.0 :

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

If Selenium JARS version >= 3.0 :

File geckoDriver = new File("path to \\geckoDriverServer.exe"); System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", geckoDriver.getAbsolutePath() );
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();


Internet Explorer

File IEDriver = new File("path to \\IEDriverServer.exe");
System.setProperty("", IEDriver.getAbsolutePath() );
WebDriver driver = new InternetExplorerDriver();

Google Chrome
System.setProperty("", "path to \\chromedriver.exe");
WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();

WebDriver is the interface included in the Selenium JARs package. It contains various methods to perform different user actions.

Open URL :

Following line of code can be used to open a URL in any browser mentioned above :

driver.get(URL String);

Example :

This opens the required URL (or Website) in the browser initiated programmatically.

Sending data to Text Field :

This is one of the most frequently used User Action during Automation Script development. It is used while logging into a site, filling form data, etc.
Following line of code is used to fill data in a Text Field :


locator - This is the locator used to locate Web Element using one of the locating methods.
data - This is the String that we want to pass to the Text Field.

Mouse Click :

This is another frequently used User Action used to log in, Save form data, select drop-down option, etc.
Following line of code is used for a Mouse Click :


Here locator can be any Web Element such as a button, drop-down option or any element that a user can click.

Select Drop-down Option :

Selenium provides us with some inbuilt functions to select an option from drop-down menu.

Select option = new Select(driver.findElement(;
option.selectByVisibleText(Drop down Text);

option.selectByIndex(Index Value);
option.selectByValue(Value Attribute)

Example : Let us consider this HTML code snippet

<select id = "designation">
          <option value = "MD">MD</option>
          <option value = "prog"> Programmer </option>
          <option value = "CEO"> CEO </option>

To select Programmer, we can use any of the below methods :

Select option = new Select(driver.findElement(;


These are some of the User Actions used during Automation Script Development.

We will discuss about some advanced User Actions in upcoming posts.
Happy Learning.

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Tuesday, 24 November 2015

Getting Started - Selenium Project Set up in Eclipse

In this post, we will discuss about how to set up a Java Project in Eclipse and include required Selenium JAR files to develop Automation Test Cases.

For those who are not familiar with Eclipse, Click here

To create Project in Eclipse :

  • Click on File > New > Java Project.
    Enter "Project Name" and click on "Finish".

  • Configure the Project to include Selenium JAR files.
    Right Click on Project created > Build Path > Configure Build Path

  • Make sure that you have downloaded the latest JAR files (Download latest Selenium JAR files from here. I recommend to use latest Selenium JARS version with your updated browsers)
    Click on "Add External JARs" > Browse and select all JAR files > Click on "OK"

After following above mentioned steps, we are ready with required minimum configuration to use predefined Classes and Methods required for developing Automation Test Cases. There are several other JAR files required to perform different actions such as reading Excel / CSV file, generating custom reports, etc, which are not included in downloaded Selenium JARs package.
We will cover such scenarios one-by-one in upcoming posts.

We will discuss about automating basic user actions such as opening a browser, opening a URL, identifying and performing required actions with web elements, etc in the upcoming posts.
Happy Learning.

YouTube Channel : Click Here